Greg Fivash and colleagues found that even a 2cm variation in height on the mudflat makes a difference on growth rates of Salicornia plants. They concluded that this could be explained by the supply of air in the sediment pores, which was more efficient in hummocks than in hollows.
In the paper results are translated into a restoration application with an example of artificially elevating the mudflat using BESE-elements. This example shows that plants within the BESE-structures grew taller and faster than nearby individuals at this location. This is due to passively trapping sediment, consequently creating raised hummock structures.